Reid’s Yellow Dent Corn

Zea mays
Reid’s Yellow Dent Corn (90-110 days)

One of the most popular open-pollinated yellow variety grown in the country. Especially well suited for the Corn Belt.

Originated by Robert Reid of Illinois in 1847 and improved by his son, James L. Reid, from 1870 to 1900.

In 1877 James Reid produced a yield of 120 bushels an acre!  The average yield at the time was 27 bushels of corn per acre.  This became the world famous Reid’s yellow dent.

Color is deep yellow, with a lighter cap, but a reddish tinge often appears.

The cobs tend to be small and dark red. Ears are 9 to 10 in. long and 7 to 8 in. around with plants growing to 10-14 feet tall (see picture).

Biggers ears on the stalk can weight 1.8#s!

Ear tapers slightly, with 16 to 22 closely spaced rows. Kernels are very deep and narrow to medium in width, slightly keystone in shape, with a square crown.

Slightly rough, with kernels dented on top. Stalks are tall and leafy and make very good silage.

Adapted to virtually every state.

Seed Planting Depth Seeds per ounce Germination Temperature Days to Germination Row Spacing Plant Spacing 100′ Row Yield Sun
1-2″ 75-85 70-80 4-8 12-24″ 6-8″ 15 lb. Full

Planting Tips:

When to Plant Heirloom Corn Seed:  The most common mistake people make is planting corn seed too early and the seed rots in the cold soil.  Heirloom corn is believed to have originated in Mexico.  If you are thinking margaritas, palm trees and hot sandy beaches you are on the right track.  Heirloom corn hates the cold.  There are a few corn varieties that you can put in the soil when its below 65 degrees, but not many.  If you want to get a jump start on corn then plant in the greenhouse and transplant corn to the garden later when ALL DANGER OF FROST IS PAST.  Do not let these corn  transplants get much bigger than 4-6″s or they will not develop properly later.  Make sure what you plant your corn seed in has nice deep trays and try not to disturb the roots too much when transplanting your heirloom corn seedlings.

Planting heirloom corn seed:  Corn does best on a deep, well-drained soil which has an abundant and uniform supply of water throughout the growing season.

Fertilization:

The Indians were dead on planting a fish under every corn plant.  Heirloom corn is a greedy feeder and will produce much better with an ample supply of nitrogen.  I plant plenty of fava beans in the spring and chop them into the ground a few weeks before I plant corn seed.  Fava’s put amazing amounts of nitrogen into the ground naturally and without harsh chemicals.  I also work in plenty of composted manure and a bit of bone/blood meal.   Many folks use alfalfa in the same way as fava beans for excellent results with corn..

Seeding Rate:

22,000-25,000 plants/acre, 9-12 lb. per acre.

(source: Sustainable Seed Company)

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