Cayenne Red Pepper

Capsicum Annum
Cayenne Long Red Thin Pepper (70 days)

This is truly an heirloom as the Cayenne is known to be Pre-Columbian in origin.   It is said to be named after the Cayenne River in French Guyana.  First offered in the seed trade by Joseph Breck & Son in 1883 (that I can document).

A hot, zesty and pungent organic pepper that is 6″ long, but only a 1/2″ wide.  Don’t let the size fool you, these kids pack a punch that will put a zing in any dish.  You have heard the song “come on baby light my fire”?  Well they just might have been talking about this Cayenne Pepper because it will surely light your mouth a fire.  Use them to make sauce.  Dry them and ground them as a peppering spice.  I love seeing a kitchen with bright red dried organic chilies hanging along the rafters with the braided garlic.  This is always a sign of a good cook and excellent gardener.

These peppers have a heat rating about 30,000-50,000 Scoville Units.  Just so you can’t say you haven’t been warned!  I shouldn’t tell ya this…..Want to increase the heat?  Leave them on the bush to fully ripen in order to obtain a taste of the fiery place down below.

Seed Planting Depth Seeds per gram Germination Temperature Days to Germination Row Spacing Plant Spacing 100′ Row Yield Sun
¼” 110-130 75-85° 7-10 24″ 12-18″ 40 lb. Full

Planting Tips for Heirloom Hot Peppers:

Start these vegetable seeds indoors about 6-8 weeks before your last frost date.  Be sure to keep them in a warm place so that the soil temperature stays above 75°.  Young heirloom pepper plants like it to stay warm and will develope best if kept happy.

Only transplante after the heirloom pepper seedlings have shown several sets of their true leaves and only once you are sure the outside soil temperature is consistently above 65°.

Seeding Care:

Heirloom seeds are hardy but always take care with your garden seeds to give them the appropriate amount of moisture – not letting the vegetable seeds dry out prematurely or overwatering and possibly having them rot.

(source: Sustainable Seed Company)

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